Tuesday, August 25, 2020
Question: Examine about the Structures of Subjectivity for Explorations in Psychoanalytic. Answer: Presentation: Sigmund Freud, one of the progenitors of brain science is the originator of therapy. He built up a few speculations (Freud, 2012) that have framed the premise of Psychoanalytic treatment. There is a developing frequency of psychological wellness issues in the current world requiring the execution of psychotherapeutic methodologies as they make profound situated changes in enthusiastic and character advancement (Strupp, 2013). This treatment is the successful decision for patients with explicit passionate concern. In this specific situation; the exposition clarifies the psychoanalytic treatment for Peter, a 40 years of age single male, who is as of now looking for the psychoanalytic advisor to end his battle with relational clashes. The article clarifies the procedure of psychoanalytic treatment with regards to the contextual investigation, the stages and strategies of treatment, and the objectives of treatment. The exposition further presents the evaluate of psychoanalytic treatment. It quickly clarifies the key commitments of the psychoanalytic treatment and its confinements. The paper likewise gives proposals on how psychoanalytic treatment can additionally develop to improve its adequacy in treatment. Ultimately, the paper expounds the utilizations of different models that can defeat the restrictions of psychoanalytic treatment. As indicated by Lionells et al., (2014), there are three phases of psychoanalytic treatment distinguished which are the underlying, center and the late stage. During the underlying stage, the advisor will in general think about the patient and set up a restorative relationship. With regards to Peter, the specialist may will in general know his characterological style, risky circumstance managing his conduct and his cautious maneuvres. The advisor may note customers beginning protection from the procedure and early transferential process for utilizing it in future when the better comprehension of the customers previous existence will reveal insight into the present transferential reactions. During the center stage, the specialist will in general become familiar with the sentiments of the guest for a noteworthy individual in the adolescence. The two fundamental methods utilized at this stage are investigation of transference and examination of obstruction (Stolorow et al., 2014). At th is stage, the protection from the treatment and the transference procedure turns out to be progressively articulated and fundamental piece of treatment. At this stage, the advisor can clarify and relate between the internal oblivious clashes or wants and sickness. Therefore, it will assist Peter with realizing and fathom subsequently permitting him to encounter more extensive decisions throughout everyday life. At this stage, Peter's current dynamic could never again be a cloud by his past bends. It is at this phase of treatment where Peter will be made to work through his contentions. This may have the great impact on the customer. In the late phase of psychoanalytic treatment likewise called as goals stage, there is a combination of new changes in the customer. The specialist comprehends the customers old example with regards to past and old recollections that were quelled. Likewise, at this stage, relational clashes bringing about maladaptive conduct are settled in the helpful ci rcumstance. This stage may incorporate reiteration of transference and henceforth the advisor uncovers a portion of the customers issues and encourages them to confront reality. The treatment is ended when the patient can comprehend the transference autonomously (Peterfreund, 2016). In this paper, we will stress more on the center phase of psychoanalytic treatment and its objectives. A definitive objective of any psychotherapy is the improvement and upgrade in patients physical and psychological wellness to their feeling of prosperity. The point is to assist patients with managing their life all the more viably (Dreher Sandler, 2013). The objective of the psychoanalytic treatment is to break down the parts contributing towards Peters relational clash and the manner in which these segments are affecting his relationship with himself and with others (Hall, 2013). The specialist at that point expects to contemplate the patient by drawing out the trademark through specific absentmindedness. Further, the treatment objective is to concentrate on how Peter is keeping up is relationship with others just as his conduct and propensities (Lionells et al., 2014). In the wake of dissecting these segments the objective of the specialist is to decide the explanation adding to his present conduct and factors making him clutch it (Peterfreund, 2016). The two principle procedures utilized at this stage are Free affiliation, dream investigation, examination of transference and investigation of opposition (Atwood Stolorow, 2014). During free affiliation, Peter will be urged to talk everything that is in his brain. The specialist may begin with an examination, which may remember for profundity questions permitting the customer to think about himself. The advisor will investigate the reactions as examples and find the reason for relational clash by investigating, rethinking and summing up the patients portrayals. The procedure of reflection will permit the specialist to get Peter and adjust his recognition by the procedure called as Reframing Barker, (2013). During dream examination, the specialist researches the quelled sentiments that are communicated in dreams revealing the oblivious material (concealed thought processes and fears). This procedure assists with giving knowledge into a diminishes present working. At this stage, the objective is to change the discernment that is harming to Peter and contributing towards relational clash. The specialist expects to help the customer in sound dynamic. The customer is helped to settle on sound decisions and act in like manner without outside impacts and uneasiness. The significance of beating uneasiness is on the grounds that nervousness and wretchedness are resultant of past associations and are the reason for strife between the cognizant and oblivious (Dreher Sandler, 2013). While breaking down transference, the specialist distinguishes the emotions to be settled. It requires encounter of Peters wishes, blame and resistances and any inconsistencies in customers discussion. At this stage, the treatment objective is to dissect the contentions adding to obstruction. For instance, Clients opposition towards uncovering personal conduct standards, dreams to the advisor and are showed as dropping arrangements or keeping away from thought. Thusly, the o bjective of treatment is to distinguish and dispose of the opposition utilizing countertransference. At this stage, the objective is to recognize the best treatment approach. This is proceeded until a phase is achieved where the customer will have cleansing experience demonstrating he can be restored (Benecke et al., 2016). The psychoanalytic treatment is being used since a century and has produced an incredible collection of examination about its key commitment. Therapy has added to fundamental comprehension of the maladaptive and versatile mental improvement according to Eysenck, (2013). It keeps on contributing towards a comprehension of sorrow and its treatment. According to Strupp, (2013) a significant meta-investigation of analysis shows positive results in 80% of the customers rewarded with psychotherapy. A huge insights is accessible on the advantages of psychotherapy, which shows a dependable impact of psychoanalytic treatment on the customers. The examination discharged by American Psychological Association in the field of emotional wellness has indicated comparative outcomes in 2010 (). With the audit of 16 meta-concentrates on the viability of talk treatment utilized in analysis, it was inferred that 90% of the individuals who experienced therapy have profited and it kept going long after th e end of treatment. These commitments of psychoanalytic treatment are important and show the quality of the treatment. By uprightness of this methodology, a few people with scope of challenges, for example, relational clash, compulsion, tension and discouragement, relationship based issue and shrouded passionate concerns were effectively rewarded with this procedure (Summers, 2013). The method was likewise fruitful when utilized for patients with character issue, learning handicaps, dietary problems, sleep deprivation, and different kinds of fears (Wampold Imel, 2015). Notwithstanding its quality, the psychoanalytic treatment is exposed to a few impediments. The key restriction is the expense and length of treatment (Wright, 2013). This treatment is involved a few meetings and isn't secured by medical coverages. This may confine the openness for those with budgetary troubles. The therapy expends a little while and months relying upon the seriousness of the psychological sicknesses which might be hard for working customers to adhere to the timetable which invalidates the point of the treatment technique utilized. Further, there is an absence of accord of the viability of analysis among the professionals. The Psychiatrists and other emotional well-being experts keep on rehearsing analysis despite the fact that today is less normal than in the years past. This is because of the analysis of both Freud and therapy in outrageous terms. The analysis towards psychoanalytic methodology identifies with the progressions that have occurred in emotional well-be ing care and psychoanalytical conclusion after some time (Schmidt Schimmelmann, 2013). Wright, (2013) Criticized that the psychoanalytical speculations are vigorously founded on the clinical contextual analyses. It is scrutinized that these hypotheses are insufficient for test research and is viewed as pseudoscience. Atwood Stolorow, (2014) Argued that hypothesis of analysis are falsifiable. There is an absence of clinical proof supporting the easygoing cases of analysis as referenced by (Freud, 2012). This establishes the significant restriction of therapy. Different substitute models have been recommended to conquer the constraints of the analysis psychotherapy. As per the paper The Efficacy of Psychodynamic Psychot
Posted by Orlando Mclain at 6:08 AM
Saturday, August 22, 2020
21 Bucket List Items For Graduating College Students The possibility of a pail list - alluding to things somebody ought to do before the individual kicks the can - doesnt simply need to apply to more seasoned people. Understudies, as well, can make their own pail rundown to ensure they get in each and every memory and bit of fun before hurling their tops at graduation. Here are a few interesting points adding to yours: 1. Admit a CrushÃ¢ Alarming? Sure. In any case, in the event that you think youll lament not telling somebody of note how you feel about them before you both go separate ways subsequent to graduating, its opportunity to put it all on the line. All things considered, regardless of whether it doesnt work out in a good way, you wont need to truly observe them once more, isn't that so? 2. Take Pictures of People Who Have Made a Difference in Your College LifeÃ¢ When do you recollect your years at school, who made a difference most? A specific educator or two? A few companions specifically? Perhaps a coach or overseer? Regardless of whether youre persuaded that youll keep in contact with these people for a considerable length of time, snap a photo at any rate. You can giggle at how youthful everybody looked when youre old and dark and thinking back pretty much all the senseless things you did in school. 3. Express gratitude toward Your Favorite Professor Odds are one educator, specifically, stands apart for the impact the individual in question had on you during your time in school. Disclose to them thanks before you leave. You can express gratitude toward them face to face, compose an email or even leave a little card to say thanks (or possibly a present) for them on graduation day. 4. Attempt Food You Never Did Somewhere on Campus On the off chance that youve never gave a particular sort of food a shot grounds, accumulate your pride and dive in before you graduate. Youll get a decent encounter presenting yourself to something new and - you never know - you could very well wind up preferring it.Ã¢ 5. Get Yourself a Graduation GiftÃ From the Bookstore Indeed, your assets are presumably significantly more tightly than ordinary around graduation time. In any case, squeeze your pennies and prize yourself with a blessing, regardless of how little, from the book shop. A straightforward keychain, tag holder, guard sticker, business card holderÃ¢ or travel sack will remind you for quite a long time to come around perhaps the best achievement up until this point. 6. Thank the People Who Helped Pay Your Way On the off chance that grants, your folks or potentially others helped pay your way through school, make a point to tell them the amount you value their help. One recommendation: Include an image of you in your top and outfit on graduation day in a straightforward however ardent card to say thanks. 7. Compose Something for the School Paper You might be modest, you may not consider yourself a decent author and you may have never composed for the paper. Be that as it may, youll be graduating soon - which means youve prevailing at school and have significant counsel to impart to your friends. Inquire as to whether you can make an accommodation, and take a couple of hours to assemble something that goes along your intelligence. 8. Snap a Photo of Yourself and Your Room It might appear to be senseless now, however how fun will it be to glance back at what you looked like and what your room/condo looked like five, 10 or quite a while from now? Dont let something that you see each day currently sneak away with time. 9. Go to a Part of Campus Youve Never Been Before Regardless of whether youre at the littlest of schools, head to a side of grounds youve never been. You could very well get another point of view of what things look like and come to welcome a side of your school that feels fresh out of the plastic new similarly as each other piece of it is feeling old. 10. Go to a Sports Event Youve Never Been ToÃ¢ Football and ball games might be extremely popular on your grounds, yet take a stab at something new. In the event that its a stunning day, get a few companions and a few tidbits and go watch a softball or Ultimate Frisbee game. Its an incredible method to unwind and get another school memory. 11. Swim in the Campus Pool Numerous understudies overlook theres a grounds pool - or are too hesitant to utilize it. Be that as it may, these pools can be immense, dazzling and a great deal of fun. Snatch your suit, desert your frailties and go have a ton of fun game ofÃ Marco PoloÃ¢ with a few companions. 12. Have Your Favorite/Most Influential Professor Sign a Book They Wrote At the point when you consider which teacher has been the most splendid during your time in school, a couple without a doubt stand apart from the remainder of the group. Have them sign a duplicate of their most recent book before you graduate for an extraordinary token youll esteem for a considerable length of time. 13. Take an interest in a Campus Tradition Being hurled into a wellspring on yourÃ¢ birthday? Going on a 12 PM outing with yourÃ¢ fellow sorority or club individuals? Try to partake in any event one grounds custom before you graduate for an enduring, crucial memory. 14. Go to an Event on Something You Know Nothing About You attended a university to learn new things, isn't that so? So head on over to an occasion youd normallyÃ¢ neverÃ¢ consider joining in. You dont need to do something besides tuning in and learn. 15. Treat Yourself to a Nice Meal Off Campus You might be so used to terrible biscuits in the grounds cafÃ© and similar dishes in the eating lobby that taking off grounds for a pleasant dinner appears to be totally out of the domain of plausibility. Odds are, nonetheless, that you can make an inquiry or two and locate an overly yummy, moderate spot that will give youÃ¢ with an incredible mealÃ¢ and an extraordinary memory. 16. Vote in Student Government Elections Alright, sure, you may have thought they were exhausting or insignificant previously. In any case, presently that youre graduating, you have an entirely genuine duty to desert a solid inheritance and emotionally supportive network for the classes that will tail you. Respect them by votingÃ¢ for understudy leadersÃ¢ who you think will keep up the measures different understudies set for you when you originally showed up nearby. 17. Go to a Professional Sports Game Off Campus On the off chance that you live in a major city and have never been to an elite athletics game, this is the ideal opportunity to go! All things considered, how senseless would you feel in the event that you needed to admit, for quite a long time and years after you graduate, that despite the fact that you lived in, state, Boston for a long time, you never observed aÃ Red SoxÃ¢ game? Get a few companions and head out. 18. Go to a Cultural Event around Regardless of whether you live in what you consider to be the littlest of modest communities, theres a culture there that cant be supplanted and that youll most likely miss once youre gone. Go to a verse hammer, a presentation, a district reasonable or whatever else being put on around and retain everything you can before you move some place new. 19. Go to a Museum around No one can really tell what history your school town brings to the table. Challenge yourself to gain proficiency with somewhat more before you graduate by hitting a historical center around. It could be a workmanship gallery, a history exhibition hall, or in any event, something that addresses the one of a kind character of your city. Far and away superior: Use yourÃ¢ student discountÃ¢ for affirmation. 20.Ã Volunteer Off Campus Regardless of whether you dont associate with individuals off grounds such a lot, the network that encompasses your school has helped make your experience conceivable. Give back a little by chipping in for a one-day, one-month, one-semester, or one-year pledge to an off-grounds association that underpins your own qualities and needs, as well. 21. Accomplish Something That Scares You In the event that you glance back at your school years and acknowledge you avoided any and all risks, you probably won't push yourselfÃ¢ out of your solace zoneÃ¢ enough. Take a full breath and challenge yourself to have a go at something new and alarming. Regardless of whether you think twice about it, youll get the hang of something important to you.
Posted by Orlando Mclain at 3:31 AM
Thursday, July 30, 2020
SIPASA Elections COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY - SIPA Admissions Blog The following was contributed by Anesa Diaz-Uda, a second-year MPA student. __________________________ The climatic end of my time as a SIPASA board member came way back on Thursday, November 19th â" Election Day. My last charge on SIPASA was to organize and run this election to determine the incoming SIPASA board. Despite the immense amount of work leading up to Election Day (by myself, the rest of the Board, and all the candidates), Election Day came and went without a hitch. The polls opened at 8am, and closed at 4pm. At 4pm we ceremoniously broke into our ballot box (a duck-taped shut cardboard box), and began counting ballots. Each of the programs electing boards had different color ballots to make counting easier for us. We counted right on the 4th floor (across the way from the Admissions Office), and had our results within a few hours. We coordinated with the Deans, and announced our results at the Deans/ SIPASA monthly Happy Hour at the 6th floor lounge. The lounge was packed with students, faculty and administrators waiting in anticipation for our results â"nerves not as high with all the wine available. 100% of MPA DP students, 59% of MIA students, and 50% of MPA students voted. Clear winners were determined (no run offs were necessary â"thank goodness!), and the drinking/ dancing commenced on the 6th floor with DJ Rob. GLIPA (Gays and Lesbians in International and Public Affairs) continued the festivities with their Thanksgiving Kick-Off Party at Madame X. In all the day and our term ended on a high note. To read more about the election, you can follow this link to one of our school news papers.
Posted by Orlando Mclain at 7:28 AM
Friday, May 22, 2020
Television has been an everyday experience on most peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives for the last 80 years. Over these years it has changed the way people see the world and how people got their news. It has changed people socially; it has sparked fads and fashion. With radio people were not worried about their appearances or how the listener saw things. All of the radio listeners had were their imagination, television helped conceive what characters actually looked like on the shows. People, including myself, have their favorite programs and enjoy talking about them with others. Television has changed the way that society views things and it was the precursor to the internet and allowed people to see things from all over the world, every night the nightly news would bring all these things to everyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s living rooms. It also effected how Americans became consumers through commercials. It has served as an information resource, an escape, and an educational tool as well, and it is even said to have won an election for JFK. Television is a very powerful part of communications and a very important technology in changing society and history. Before the Kennedy presidency, television was far behind print journalism in terms of sources audiences relied upon for news. But soon, people relied on TV news for the day s headlines as well as information on American troops in Vietnam, particularly the numbers of those killed or wounded. When something major happened on TV, it affected the whole country atShow MoreRelatedHow Has Television Changed Our Lives? Essay719 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesAlla December 8, 2012 English 4061-3 Joseph Mitchell Marques Topic: How has television changed our lives? A. Television a.) Educational b.) Entertainment c.) Informative II. Positive effects of television * Gives information for viewers. * Teach people how to live in their lives. * To see different cultures. * Educates people in a precise way. III. Negative effects of television * It teaches the children to be stupid by using pranks or comedy. *Read MoreMedia s Influence On Society1256 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescompletely changed the world we live in and are now a part of our everyday lives (Bookman, 64). With television, radio, newspapers, books, etcÃ¢â¬ ¦ working their way into our everyday lives it is almost impossible to live without the media. Along with it being persuasive, informative and a great source for entertainment, it also has a large binding influence on societies all over the world. Media aspects are radically reshaping the world (Marina 240) and though some may argue that media has more negativeRead MoreMedia s Influence On Society1269 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthings, it has completely changed the world and is now a part of our everyday lives (Bookman, 64). With television, radio, newspapers, books, etcÃ¢â¬ ¦ working their way into our everyday lives it is impossible to live without the media today. Along with it being persuasive, informational and a great source for entertainment it also has a large binding influence on societies all over the world. Media aspects are radically reshaping the world (Marina 240) and though some may argue that media has more negativeRead MoreThe Media And Its Impact On Society1669 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbelieve. Therefore we need to be aware that our own lives are not tainted in a negative way through this communication between ourselves and an industry trying to diminish our sense of individuality and shape us into what they themselves want. My research delves into the in-depth processes in which messages are delivered to our eyes and ears, through the news, newspapers, magazines and radio in what the effects of the conglomeration of these corporations has on us as a society and especially on childrenÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreEvolution Of Television And The Vanquish Of Human Value987 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Evolution of Television and the Vanquish of Human Value For years now, television has been invading the homes of families and subtly damaging the family rituals. From black and white to color and high definition, television has changed. Television has changed in appearance, and has changed in how it plays a role in familiesÃ¢â¬â¢ lives. A few years ago, many families did not own a T.V set and now it is almost as if itÃ¢â¬â¢s competition to see who watches more T.V, or who has the most and better TRead MoreHum 176 Wk 2 Media Convergence Worksheet1041 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAnswers What is meant by the term media convergence with regard to technology, and how has it affected everyday life? The term media convergence with regards to technology is defined as a process of combining together the telecommunications and computers and turning them into one electronic or digital form. The media convergence has affected our everyday life as we know it in many ways, you can now watch television shows, listen to music and shop online using your computer all without leaving the privacyRead MoreHow Should One Define The American Identity?1642 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesand religion. Our common values, ideas, and beliefs depend on the core structure of the American government: the Constitution, which provides freedom, equality, and independence. Since America is very diverse due to the constant flow of immigrants from all over the world, there is no such thing as being a pure American. EveryoneÃ¢â¬â¢s background lies somewhere else. Therefore, our identity would be defined by our common ideology and common values instead of our ethnicity and religion. Our common valuesRead MoreAmusing Ourselves to Death: Public Discourse in the AGe of Show Business570 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pageseverybody knows it, and everything has been written about it. Let me write some more. Postmans book caused a lot of public discussion in the mid-eighties, but it is now as relevant as ever, possibly more so. Today, it has almost become an axiom of our society that the answer to the questions raised by our technological advances lie in the application of further technology, some of it undeveloped and possibly speculative as of now. In the field of media, this has led to the hypothesis that the messagesRead MoreWhat is Mass Media?917 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesmass media: Television Radio Movies Newspaper Internet Importance of Mass Media in Society Mass media is important in society because it reflects the lives, roles, and interests of the people. The media creates the culture and these messages promote not only products, but moods, attitudes, and a sense of what is and what is not important. People rely on mass media in their everyday lives for personal, business, family, and leisurely use (CliffNotes). Mass media sets a standard for what our society shouldRead MoreMedia Influence Mass Media795 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMass Media and the Influence on America and Television By. Mozelle Jones HUMANITIES In real life, we are in Mass Media and we did not even know it. Everything from you learning to just leisure involvement. The cultural products that influence mass media and has taking part is Net Flix. It has made an impact on the movie business where television can be used to see movies and mass media. Television still has an impact on cultural meanings. It shows us the news, ads, and movies that change
Posted by Orlando Mclain at 6:14 PM
Sunday, May 10, 2020
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Posted by Orlando Mclain at 12:07 AM
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Poverty As A Challenge | Class IX NCERT (CBSE) Economics (Social Science) Chapter 3, Poverty As A Challenge Class IX, NCERT (CBSE) Economics Textbook Exercise Questions-Answers Q. 1: Describe how the poverty line is estimated in India. Ans: In India poverty line is measured or calculated considering the following factors required for subsistence: 1. We will write a custom essay sample on Poverty as a Challenge Class Ix Ncert or any similar topic only for you Order Now Minimum level of food requirement, 2. Clothing 3. Footwear 4. Fuel and Light 5. Education and 6. Medical requirement etc. These physical quantities are multiplied by their prices. The present formula for food requirement is based on the desired calorie requirement. On the basis of these calculations in 1999 Ã¢â¬â 2000, the poverty line in the rural areas was fixed Rs. 328 per capita per month and in urban areas, it was Rs. 454. People earning more than this amount were considered above the poverty line and earning less than this amount were considered as living below the poverty line. Q. 2: Do you think that present methodology of poverty estimation is appropriate? Ans: The present methodology of poverty estimation does not look appropriate. It only takes one factor in view and that is the economic factor. Moreover it considers about a Ã¢â¬Å"minimumÃ¢â¬ subsistence level of living rather than a Ã¢â¬Å"reasonableÃ¢â¬ level of living. Poverty has many dimensions. It is no longer confined to economic factors alone. With development, the definitions of what constitutes poverty also changes. Its concept has broadened to human poverty. A few persons may have been able to feed themselves but if they are without education, without shelter, without health-care, without job security, without self-confidence, without social equality, they are considered poor. If poverty is to be removed in real sense and the people are to be brought above the poverty line, not only that we need to increase their income but also, we have to provide the people with education, shelter, health-care, job-security, respect, dignity all. Therefore, the present methodology of poverty estimation needs to be modified and broadened in order to make it an appropriate method. Q. 3: Describe poverty trends in India since 1973. Ans: As per the data given in the book there is a substantial decline in poverty ratio in India from 55 percent in 1973 to 36 percent in 1993. There was further decline from 36 percent in 1993 to 26 percent in 2000. Although the number of poor people remained stable (about 320 million) in the earlier two decades (1973 to 1993), there was significant reduction in the number of the poor to about 260 million till 2000. If the present trend continues, the people below poverty line may come down to less than 20 percent in the next few years. Q. 4: Discuss the major reasons for poverty in India. Ans: There are various reasons for poverty in India which are outlined below Ã¢â¬â (1) Prolonged Colonial Administration The policies of British Colonial government shattered the Indian economy so much that it could not be revived until the 1980s. (2) Unabated Population Growth The failures to promote both the required economic growth and population control have been the main cause of poverty today. (3) Illiteracy Illiteracy is also an important cause of poverty in our country. (4) Disparity in the Ownership of Land-holdings The unequal distribution of land, lack of land resources and failure in the proper implementation of land reform policies have been the major causes of poverty in rural areas. (5) Unemployment Lack of job security and unemployment are other causes. (6) Widening Inequalities of Income This is a feature of high poverty. Money has been concentrating in fewer hands, thus rendering a majority of people poor. (7) Slow Growth of Employment Opportunities Despite the implementation of various employment generating programmes our government has failed to provide the necessary employment opportunities. (8) Socio-cultural Factors In order to fulfill social obligations such as marriage etc. and religious ceremonies people in India including the poor spend a lot of money which makes some people even poorer. Q. 5: Identify the social and economic groups which are most vulnerable to poverty in India. Ans: Social Groups vulnerable to Poverty in India (1) Scheduled Castes households. (2) Scheduled Tribes households. Economic Groups vulnerable to Poverty (1) Rural Agricultural labour households. (2) Urban Casual labour households. Q. 6: Give an account of interstate disparities of poverty in India. Ans: Poverty in India is not the same in every state. The success rate of reducing poverty varies from state to state causing inter-state disparities in poverty level. Orissa, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh are the three poorest states in India with their people living below poverty line being 47, 42 and 37 percent respectively. Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab and Himachal Pradesh are the three better-off states in India as far as the poverty is concerned. Q. 7: Describe global poverty trends. Ans: There have been substantial reduction in global poverty, but there are regional disparities described below Ã¢â¬â (1) Poverty declined in China and South-East Asian countries as a result of rapid economic growth and huge investments in the development of human resources. 2) In Latin America, the ratio of poverty remained almost the same. (3) In sub-Saharan Africa, poverty saw an upward trend rather than a downward trend. It rose from 41% in 1981 to 46% in 2001. (4) Poverty ha surfaced itself in some of the former socialist countries like Russia, where formerly it was non-existent. Q. 8: Describe current government strategy of poverty alleviation. Ans: Removal of poverty has one of the major objectives of Indian developmental strategy. The current government strategy of poverty alleviation is based on two planks: (1) Promotion of Economic Growth 2) Targeted Anti-poverty Programmes Some of the anti-poverty programmes undertaken by government at present are discussed below: Prime MinisterÃ¢â¬â¢s Rozgar Yojana (PMRY) Started in 1993, this programme aims to create self-employment opportunities for educated unemployed youth in rural areas and small towns. Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana (PMGY) Launched in 2000, this aims to create and improve basic services like primary health, primary education, rural shelter, rural drinking water and rural electrification. National Food for Work programme (NFWP) Launched in 2004 in 150 most backward districts of the country, this programme is open to all rural poor who are in need of wage employment and desired to do manual unskilled work. National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) This act was passed in September 2005. The act provides 100 days assured employment every year to every rural household in 200 districts. Later, the scheme will be extended to 600 districts and also one third to the proposed jobs would be reserved for women. Q. 9: Answer the following questions briefly Ã¢â¬â (i) What do you understand by human poverty? ii) Who are the poorest of the poor? (iii) What are the main features of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005? Ans: (i) Poverty is multi-dimensional problem. As per the official concept of poverty, a person is considered poor if his or her income falls below a given Ã¢â¬Ëminimum levelÃ¢â¬â¢. But human poverty is not confined to economic factors alone. With development, the definitions of what constitutes poverty also changes. The official definition of poverty considers only a Ã¢â¬ËminimumÃ¢â¬â¢ subsistence level of living rather than a Ã¢â¬ËreasonableÃ¢â¬â¢ level of living. Many scholars advocate that the concept of human poverty must be broadened and should be looked through other social indicators like Ã¢â¬â illiteracy level, lack of general resistance due to mal-nutrition, lack of access to resources like health-care, safe drinking water, job opportunities, sanitation, lack of self-confidence without social equality etc. (ii) Women, children (especially the girl child) and elder people in a poor family are regarded as the poorest of the poor because they are systematically denied equal access to resources available to the family. (iii) Refer to the answer of Q. 8 above. How to cite Poverty as a Challenge Class Ix Ncert, Papers
Posted by Orlando Mclain at 10:29 AM
Wednesday, April 29, 2020
Outcome 1 Be able to identify agreed ways to gain entry and to leave individuals homes 1 Access information about general requirements for entering and leaving individuals homes. With this being aimed at home clients this will include An Appointed time for visit agreed by client. Address of appointment. Time of appointment (always be on time to avoid any distress or concern). A form of identification. 2 identify special requirements and individual preferences for entering and leaving an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s home This include key boxes on door ways with code number provided for emergency use . Keys provided to support workers / housing warden /medical professionals but these as key holders should be the only person to use the keys as trusted key holders Outcome 3 is able to take appropriate action when unable to gain entry to an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s homes 4 explain why it is important to record and report on difficulties with access This could be because appointment forgot or illness. We will write a custom essay sample on Medicine and Warden /medical Professionals or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page This could also be because of accident /incidents occurring, this makes some clients have door key lockers for appointed people like support workers and wardens. Recording any issues can Show patterns Medicinal this could be when change of medicine or between medical treatment (monthly injections etc) Financial eg when end of pay period awaiting next pay day or possible financial abuse. Environmental weather or even when area busy with people (school holidays or a time of holiday makers visiting in some areas). Outcome 4 is able to deal with emergencies encountered after gaining entry. 1 Describe emergencies that may be encountered when gaining entry to an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s homes There can be many emergencies involved including physical, medical, substance abuse or environmental. Environmental Ã¢â¬â this could be gas leak ,carbon monoxide , electrical ,water or fire . These should be dealt with by professions Call 999 and ask for fire +ambulance as any person in building will need medical help . Medical-These could be accidental falls or trips. Natural eg.. Bad back (slipped disc etc) . Or deliberate eg .. overdose . In any of these call 999 ask for ambulance and stay with client to reassure and if require assistance with first aid. Substance abuse Ã¢â¬âThis involves drugs or /and alcohol. In this case these could lead to self-harm or harm to you . Company guidelines say leave but this is a position that should be assessed when in attendance as this could be a duty of care issue and need medical help . This must be recorded and risk assessments updated. Physical-this could be from client, other person in building or the building itself. This could be linked to environments or substance abuse and be an end result.
Posted by Orlando Mclain at 7:50 AM